Chicago antique map published 1906. Original colour printed antique map of Chicago published in ‘A Standard Atlas of the World,’ by Funk & Wagnalls Company in 1906. The following text is the content of a ‘blog’ published in Reach plc’s ‘In Your Area.’
On this day 12th. August in 1833 the town of Chicago was incorporated, the population at the time was 350 souls. On March 4th. 1837 it was incorporated as a city when its population had reached 4,000. Today Chicago is the most populous city in Illinois and the third most populous city in the United States. A fort was established on the future site of Chicago in 1803 by the United States government. Named Dearborn, it was abandoned following the outbreak of the War of 1812 and subsequently destroyed by the local Potawatomi tribe. Rebuilt by the United States military in 1816 it remained a US fortification until 1837. By 1848 Chicago’s communications with other parts of the United States had been improved with the building of railway and telegraph connections Grain elevators and the Board of Trade’s wheat grading standards transformed the way crops were sold and by 1854 the Chicago was the world’s largest grain port and had more than 30,000 inhabitants. In 1860 Abraham Lincoln won the Republican Party nomination for president of the United States at the National Convention in Chicago. Elected President in 1861, Lincoln led the Union to victory against the Confederacy with the support of Chicago and the state of Illinois. The Great Chicago Fire of 1871 destroyed several square miles of property and left more than 100,000 Chicagoans homeless. A vigorous rebuilding programme resulted in the city by 1900 becoming the fifth largest city in the world. Prohibition between 1919 and 1933 resulted in Chicago becoming notorious for ‘gangsterism’. Most infamously the St. Valentine’s Day Massacre in 1929, when Al Capone’s men gunned down members of the rival gang of Bugs Moran. By the 1930s Chicago’s population had reached 3 million. Dropping for the first time in its history between 1950 and 1960 as manufacturing stagnated and population moved to the suburbs. Chicago’s population in 2018 was estimated at 2,705,994, it remains the most populous city in the Midwest and the third largest city in the United States.