Clare County map. An original antique map published by George Philip & Son in 1882, drawn by John George Bartholomew, FRSE FRGS LLD (22 March 1860 – 14 April 1920.)
Bartholomew was a British cartographer and geographer. As a holder of a royal warrant, he used the title “Cartographer to the Queen”; for this reason he was sometimes known by the epithet “the Prince of Cartography.” Bartholomew’s longest lasting legacy is arguably naming the continent of Antarctica, which until his use of the term in 1890 had been largely ignored due to its lack of resources and harsh climate. Bartholomew came from a celebrated line of map-makers: he was the son of John Bartholomew Junior, and the grandson of the founder of John Bartholomew and Son Ltd. His mother, Annie McGregor died when he was only twelve. He was educated at the High School in Edinburgh. Under his administration the family business became one of the top operations in its field. Bartholomew himself was not merely a specialist in production, but also a talented geographer and cartographer. It was he who introduced the use of coloured contour layer maps; he also anticipated the needs of late nineteenth and early twentieth-century travellers by publishing street maps of major cities, cycling maps, railway timetable maps, and road maps for automobiles. He collaborated with major scientific figures and travellers of the period on projects involving their studies. Bartholomew’s Atlas of Meteorology and Atlas of Zoogeography were issues from a planned five-volume series that was never completed. Before he died he was able to plan out the first edition of the Times Survey Atlas of the World; this and its succeeding editions represent the most successful atlas project of the twentieth century. He handed the reins of the business on to his son John (Ian) Bartholomew (1890-1962). A memorial to Bartholomew, sculpted by Pilkington Jackson, exists on the northern wall of the 20th-century extension to Dean Cemetery in Edinburgh.