Cumberland antique map by Robert Morden. Copper-plate engraved map of Cumberland published in the third edition of William Camden’s “Britannia: or a chorographical description of Great Britain and Ireland.” Revised by Edmund Gibson, D.D., Late Lord Bishop of London. Published 1753. See Product Gallery for an image of William Camden.
Robert Morden (c. 1650 – 1703) was an English bookseller, publisher, and maker of maps and globes. He was among the first successful commercial map makers. Between about 1675 and his death in 1703, he was based under the sign of the Atlas at premises in Cornhill and New Cheapside, London. His cartographical output was large and varied. His best-known maps are those of South Wales, North Wales and the English Counties first published in a new edition of Camden‘s “Britannia” in 1695, and subsequently reissued in 1722, 1753 and 1772. These maps were based on new information from gentlemen of each county, and were newly engraved.
William Camden (2 May 1551 in London – 9 November 1623 in Chislehurst) was an English antiquarian, historian, topographer, and herald, best known as author of Britannia, the first chorographical survey of the islands of Great Britain and Ireland, and the Annales, the first detailed historical account of the reign of Elizabeth I of England.
Britannia is a county-by-county description of Great Britain and Ireland. It is a work of chorography: a study that relates landscape, geography, antiquarianism, and history. Rather than write a history, Camden wanted to describe in detail the Great Britain of the present, and to show how the traces of the past could be discerned in the existing landscape. By this method, he produced the first coherent picture of Roman Britain.
Edmund Gibson (1669 – 6 September 1748) was a British divine who served as Bishop of Lincoln and Bishop of London, jurist, and antiquary.