Cumbria Cumberland Westmorland Lancashire antique map. Original hand-coloured copper-plate engraved antique map from John Cary’s ‘New Maps of England and Wales with part of Scotland,’ published, 1794. Plate number 58 featuring: Rockcliffe, Bowness, Irthington, Farlam, Brampton, Grimsdale, Stanwix, Carlisle, CastleCarrock, Bromfield, Wigton, Ainstable, Westward, HighHeskett, Renwick, Allonby, Kirkoswald, Lazenby, Ireby, Maryport, Uldale, CastleSowerby, Flimby, Hutton, Cocker, GreystokeCastle, Greystoke, Edenhall, Penrith, Keswick, Lowther, Matterdale, GowbarrowFell, Buttermere, Ullswater, Shap, Copeland, Patterdale, Grysdale, Dibdale, Egremont, Orton, Wythburn, Troutbeck, Ambleside, Ponsomby, Westmorland, Ravenglass, Lancashire, Langdale, Coniston, Bownes, Kendal, Sedbergh, Crossthwaite, Bootle, Whitbeck, Millam, Kirkby, Staveley, Lindale, Haversham.
John Cary (c. 1754 – 1835) was an English cartographer. Cary served his apprenticeship as an engraver in London, before setting up his own business in the Strand in 1783. He soon gained a reputation for his maps and globes, his atlas, The New and Correct English Atlas published in 1787, becoming a standard reference work in England. In 1794 Cary was commissioned by the Postmaster General to survey England’s roads. This resulted in Cary’s New Itinerary (1798), a map of all the major roads in England and Wales. He also produced Ordnance Survey maps prior to 1805. In his later life he collaborated on geological maps with the geologist William Smith. His business was eventually taken over by G. F. Cruchley (1822–1875).
Cumberland is a historic county of North West England that had an administrative function from the 12th century until 1974. It was bordered by Northumberland to the east, County Durham to the southeast, Westmorland and Lancashire to the south, and the Scottish counties of Dumfriesshire and Roxburghshire to the north. It formed an administrative county from 1889 to 1974 (excluding Carlisle from 1914) and now forms part of Cumbria.
Westmorland formerly also spelt Westmoreland; even older spellings are Westmerland and Westmereland is a historic county in north west England. It formed an administrative county between 1889 and 1974, after which the whole county was administered by the new administrative county of Cumbria.