England & Wales antique map by Thomas Kitchin 1786

£150.00

England & Wales antique folding map by Thomas Kitchin 1786. Described in the cartouche as “A General Map of England & Wales, Divided into its Counties, Corrected from the Best Surveys and Astronomical Observations, by Thos. Kitchin, Hydrographer to his Majesty. London. Printed for R. Sayer & J. Bennett, Map & Print Sellers, 53 Fleet Street. February 28th. 1786.” Laid on cloth, the map size is approx 22 x 25 inches (550x645mm) Supplied in original (rather tatty case) see Product Gallery image. See scan for evidence of water damage to map.

Description

England & Wales antique folding map by Thomas Kitchin 1786. Described in the cartouche as “A General Map of England & Wales, Divided into its Counties, Corrected from the Best Surveys and Astronomical Observations, by Thos. Kitchin, Hydrographer to his Majesty. London. Printed for R. Sayer & J. Bennett, Map & Print Sellers, 53 Fleet Street. February 28th. 1786.”

Thomas Kitchin. He was born in Southwark, and was apprenticed to Emanuel Bowen in 1732. Originally based in Clerkenwell, by late 1755 Kitchin was established on Holborn Hill. From 1773 Kitchin was royal hydrographer to the king. He married Sarah Bowen, daughter of Emanuel, in 1739, and then Jane, daughter of Joseph Burroughs, in 1762. He died in St Albans 23 June 1784. Kitchin lived and worked in London.

Hydrography is the branch of applied sciences which deals with the measurement and description of the physical features of oceans, seas, coastal areas, lakes and rivers, as well as with the prediction of their change over time, for the primary purpose of safety of navigation and in support of all other marine activities, including economic development, security and defence, scientific research, and environmental protection.The origins of hydrography lay in the making of charts to aid navigation, by individual mariners as they navigated into new waters. These were usually the private property, even closely held secrets, of individuals who used them for commercial or militaryadvantage. As transoceanic trade and exploration increased, hydrographic surveys started to be carried out as an exercise in their own right, and the commissioning of surveys was increasingly done by governments and special hydrographic offices. National organizations, particularly navies, realized that the collection, systematization and distribution of this knowledge gave it great organizational and military advantages. Thus were born dedicated national hydrographic organizations for the collection, organization, publication and distribution of hydrography incorporated into charts and sailing directions.

 

 

Product Categories