Indonesian Archipelago (here referred to as the Indian Archipelago.) Antique lithograph of the Indonesian Archipelago by Edward Weller, F.R.G.S. Published in the Weekly Dispatch Atlas, 1863. Original hand-colouring executed prior to publication. This antique map features the following modern countries/regions.
Indonesia and Malaysia. Sunda Islands: Greater Sunda Islands, Sumatra, formerly Swarna Dwipa. Java, formerly Jawa Dwipa. Borneo: divided between the Indonesian region Kalimantan, the country of Brunei and the country of Malaysia’s states of Sabah and Sarawak. Sulawesi, formerly Celebes. Lesser Sunda Islands: the island of Timor divided between Indonesian West Timor and the country of East Timor. Maluku Islands. New Guinea: divided between the two Indonesian provinces of Papua and West Papua and the country of Papua New Guinea.
Lithography (from Ancient Greek λίθος, lithos, meaning ‘stone’, and γράφειν, graphein, meaning ‘to write’) is a method of printing originally based on the immiscibility of oil and water. The printing is from a stone (lithographic limestone) or a metal plate with a ball grained surface. It was invented in 1796 by German author and actor Alois Senefelder as a cheap method of publishing theatrical works. Lithography can be used to print text or artwork onto paper or other suitable material.
Fellowship of the Royal Geographical Society (FRGS) is a prestigious Fellowship granted by the Royal Geographical Society (RGS) that is open to those over the age of 21 who can demonstrate:
- A sufficient involvement in geography or an allied subject through publications, research or professional experience.
- At least five years of continuous commitment to the Royal Geographical Society as an Ordinary Member.
Candidates for fellowship must be proposed and seconded by an existing fellow unless they hold teaching or research positions in higher education. Current fellows include Michael Palin, Josh Bernstein, and Joanna Lumley. Former fellows include Ernest Shackleton and many other notable explorers and geographers.