New York Southern Part antique map. Taken from the Tenth Edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica. Published Edinburgh and London by ‘The Times’, Printing House Square, London. 1903.
New York (NY), is the most populous city in the United States, distributed over a land area of about 302.6 square miles (784 km2), Located at the southern tip of the state of New York, the city is the centre of the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass. A global power city, The City has been described uniquely as the cultural, financial, and media capital of the world, and exerts a significant impact upon commerce, entertainment, research, technology, education, politics, tourism, art, fashion, and sports. The city’s fast pace has inspired the term New York minute. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, It is an important centre for international diplomacy. Situated on one of the world’s largest natural harbours, it consists of five boroughs, each of which is a separate county of the State of New York. The five boroughs – Brooklyn, Queens, Manhattan, The Bronx, and Staten Island – were consolidated into a single city in 1898. The City traces its origins to a trading post founded by colonists from the Dutch Republic in 1624 on Lower Manhattan; the post was named New Amsterdam in 1626. The city and its surroundings came under English control in 1664 and were renamed New York after King Charles II of England granted the lands to his brother, the Duke of York. It served as the capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790. It has been the country’s largest city since 1790.