Northumberland antique map showing part of Durham to the north, from ‘Curiosities of Great Britain. England and Wales Delineated. Historical, Entertaining & Commercial, Alphabetically Arranged by Thomas Dugdale, Antiquarian. Assisted by William Burnett.’ (Dugdale was a professional artist, whilst Burnett was a civil engineer by profession.) Together they produced a series of steel engraved prints of English and Welsh architectural and topographical features, together with County Maps. The county maps were drawn and engraved by Joshua Archer of Pentonville, London. Included in the maps was a considerable amount of information including: the ‘hundreds’ and ‘wapentakes (divisions within a county), county towns, market towns, villages and hamlets, country seats and parks, canals, turnpike roads, cross roads, rail roads built and planned, stations, rivers and water courses, woods and plantations, polling places for the county, boundaries of counties, hundreds and boroughs, together with distances between towns and the capital city, London. Each map was hand-coloured at the time.
Northumberland (abbreviated Northd) is a county in North East England. The now the northernmost county of England, it borders Cumbria to the west, County Durham and Tyne and Wear to the south and Scotland to the north. To the east is the North Sea coastline with a 64-mile (103 km) long distance path. The county town is Alnwick. The northernmost point of Northumberland and England is at Marshall Meadows Bay.