USA. United States of America. Antique map of the USA (United States of North America) published c.1863 in the Weekly Dispatch Atlas, 139 Fleet Street. Drawn & Engraved by T. Ettling 3 Red Lion Square, Holborn. Printed by Day & Son Lithographers to The Queen. This map (with original outline colour) is supplied in two parts (as originally published) each section approx. 19 x 13.25 inches. A Dutchman working initially in Amsterdam, Theodore Ettling moved to London, where he produced maps for British Newspapers. This two part map of the USA was published in the Weekly Dispatch Atlas of 1863, and shows the Eastern and Central States at the time of the American Civil War. Ettling also produced maps for the Illustrated London News showing the disposition of Union and Confederate forces during particular military campaigns.
Lithography (from Ancient Greek λίθος, lithos, meaning ‘stone’, and γράφειν, graphein, meaning ‘to write’) is a method of printing originally based on the immiscibility of oil and water. The printing is from a stone (lithographic limestone) or a metal plate with a ball grained surface. It was invented in 1796 by German author and actor Alois Senefelder as a cheap method of publishing theatrical works. Lithography can be used to print text or artwork onto paper or other suitable material.