Bull Run. Original antique print published, 1861, in the Illustrated London News reporting the attack of Wisconsin men, Union soldiers, on Confederate forces at Hainsville, Upper Potomac, Virginia. Known as the first battle of Bull Run by the Federalist, to the Confederates it was the first battle of Manassas. Print has a full report on the battle and a map of washington to the rear.
On July 21, 1861, the armies of General Beauregard and Union General Irvin McDowell met at Manassas, Virginia in the Battle of Bull Run. Here the North originally had the upper hand, but Confederate General Thomas Jackson and his troops blocked Northern progress. Jackson’s men began to retreat but Jackson stayed, standing “as a stone wall” (he was hereafter nicknamed “Stonewall Jackson”). As Confederate reinforcements arrived, McDowell’s army retreated in confusion and was totally defeated. Before this, the North had nurtured a hope of quick victory over the Confederacy. The loss killed that hope. Though the Confederates achieved victory, General Beauregard did not chase stragglers of the defeated Union Army. Angered by this, Davis replaced him with General Robert E. Lee. Northern general McDowell’s defeat by Confederates caused his replacement by George McClellan. Thanks to Wikibooks for this information.