Merrimac and Monitor American Civil War antique print. Rare page from the Illustrated Times dated April 5th 1862 with wood-block engravings of the Confederate vessel Merrimac and the Union vessel Monitor.
CSS Virginia was the first steam-powered ironclad warship built by the Confederate States Navy during the first year of the American Civil War; she was constructed as a casemate ironclad using the raised and cut down original lower hull and engines of the scuttled steam frigate USS Merrimack. Virginia was one of participants in the Battle of Hampton Roads, opposing the Union’s USS Monitor in March 1862. The battle is chiefly significant in naval history as the first battle between ironclads.
USS Monitor was an iron-hulled steamship. Built during the American Civil War, she was the first ironclad warship commissioned by the Union Navy. Monitor is most famous for her central role in the Battle of Hampton Roads on 9 March 1862, where, under the command of Lieutenant John Worden, she fought the casemate ironclad CSS Virginia (built on the hull of the former steam frigate USS Merrimack) to a standstill. The unique design of the ship, distinguished by its revolving turret which was designed by American inventor Theodore Timby, was quickly duplicated and established the monitor type of warship.