Potomac Union Army sentry on duty opposite Confederate artillery during American Civil War. Original front page from the Illustrated London News, dated December 7th. 1861. Wood-block engraving entitled: “The Civil War in America: Federal picket on the Potomac, in front of Confederate batteries.- from a sketch by our special artist.” Accompanying article has details of the seizure of Messrs Slidell and Mason, Confederate diplomats, by the Federal Sloop San Jacinto.
The American Civil War was fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865. The result of a long-standing controversy over slavery and states’ rights, war broke out in April 1861, when Confederates attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina, shortly after Abraham Lincoln was inaugurated. The nationalists of the Union proclaimed loyalty to the U.S. Constitution. They faced secessionists of the Confederate States of America, who advocated for states’ rights to perpetual slavery and its expansion in the Americas.
The Illustrated London News appeared first on Saturday 14 May 1842, as the world’s first illustrated weekly news magazine. Founded by Herbert Ingram, it appeared weekly until 1971, then less frequently thereafter, and ceased publication in 2003. The company continues today as Illustrated London News Ltd, a publishing, content and digital agency in London, which holds the publication and business archives of the magazine.