On 16th July in 1872 Roald Engelbregt Gravning Amundsen was born at Borge, near Oslo, Norway.
Between 1903 to 1906, Amundsen led the first naval expedition to navigate the Northwest Passage between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
He is perhaps best known in Great Britain as the man who beat Captain Scott to the South Pole.
Using sled dogs, and creating food stations along part of his route prior to his attempts at ‘the Pole’ he also chose a route that was 60 miles shorter than that of Scott.
For his part, Robert Falcon Scott, used Siberian ponies to haul all of his supplies including those left at locations for use during his return journey. Capt Scott famously perished in his attempt having first discovered Amundsen’s Norwegian flag at the magnetic South Pole.
In 1918 Amundsen abandoned a long held ambition to be the first man to reach the North Pole by embedding his vessel, Maud, in the arctic ice flow and drifting across the magnetic north of the globe.
In 1923 he attempted to fly over the North Pole but failed when his aircraft was damaged. Another attempt in 1925 took Amundsen within 150 miles of the pole.
Finally, in 1926 he crossed the North Pole in a dirigible flying from Norway to Alaska.
In 1928 Amundsen lost his life in an attempt to rescue the crew of a dirigible that had crashed near Spitsbergen, Norway. His Latham 47 flying-boat disappeared. Neither Amundsen’s aircraft, nor Amundsen himself, were ever found.